Teaching Your Puppy: Obedience Training Basics
For successful training, practice the next basic training steps with your puppy every day. Keep training sessions short. Your pup will see everything as a casino game, so keep him stimulated by changing what he's learning. Do each order for about five minutes and come back to it whenever you can.
Practice the commands in lots of different places - in the living room, garden, hall or kitchen, even out on walks - so that he gets used to giving an answer to you in all sorts of situations. You should use the click technique to help with other aspects of your puppy's training, such as stimulating him to stand still for grooming and getting him used to traveling by car.
Your pup will learn rapidly and respond to love and affection as well as rewards. Obedience training can help build a lasting bond between your two of you and you'll be rewarded with a happy, well-trained dog.
Giving directly into your puppy's every need is not a good thing. As your puppy grows, so will his need to say himself. Puppies often choose mealtimes as a battleground. But offering directly into him is a blunder. You need to ensure he knows that you won't react to his every demand.
Your puppy must learn that people around him, particularly small children, can be a bit unpredictable. But he needs to acknowledge that their unpredictable behavior is not threatening. You are able to help him do this by imitating a child's behavior. Try stepping quickly towards his bowl - then drop in a treat. Carefully bump into him, while he's eating, or move toys nearby - anything to result in a distraction, but drop a delicacy in the dish to praise him for continuing to consume calmly. Do this every so often, but not at every food. If your pup freezes mid-mouthful, growls or glares at you, stop and try again another time. If this proceeds, you need to talk to a veterinary behaviorist or qualified dog trainer.
Reading your puppy's body gestures
Dogs have always communicated with each other by using body language. This involves facial expressions, body postures, sounds and scents. Dogs use their mouth area, eyes, ears and tail to express emotions. By learning how to interpret your puppy's body gestures, you can interpret your puppy's intentions.
Signals of aggression or submission
If your pup is feeling brave or aggressive, he'll make an effort to make himself much larger by standing tall, with his ears and tail sticking upright. He'll also force out his chest and improve the hair on his neck and back. He might also growl and influx his tail slowly.
On the other hand, a submissive dog will attempt to make himself appear small and become a puppy. It is because an adult dog will "inform off" a puppy but not assault him. Submission will need the form of a sideways crouch near the floor, his tail kept low but wagging away. He may also try to lick the facial skin of the prominent dog or human being. He may even move on his back.
Your puppy's tail
The majority of us recognize that tail wagging is a sign of friendliness and pleasure, however the tail can indicate other moods, too.
The standard way a dog holds his tail varies from breed to breed but in most cases, a tail held higher than 45 degrees to the trunk expresses alertness and interest.
In case your puppy's tail is waved slowly and stiffly, that's an expression of anger. If it's clamped low over his hindquarters, it means your dog is afraid. An anxious or nervous dog may droop his tail but wag it stiffly.
Your puppy's eyes
If your dog's eye are half closed, that is clearly a sign of pleasure or submission, while eyes widely open can indicate aggression.
In the open, dogs stare at each other until one backs down or makes a challenge, and that means you should never attempt to outstare your puppy, particularly if he's nervous.
Your puppy's smile
Submissive dogs and some breeds such as Labradors often open up their mouths in some sort of lop-sided "grin", and even, it is a sign of friendliness. However when lips are drawn back again firmly to bare one's teeth, that's aggression, make no mistake.
Attempting to play
If your pup wants to try out, he'll raise a paw or bow down and bark to attract attention. Or he might offer up a toy, or bound up to some other funny dog
to get him to join in a chase.
How your dog sees you
Your pup will watch you to learn your body indicators more than he'll listen to you, and he'll quickly learn what you're feeling even without you speaking.
If you wish to improve communication with your pup, you can improve
upon your own body gestures. For example, crouching down with arms opened out is a welcome sign while towering over him and staring is an indicator of threat.
How your puppy learns
Your puppy will learn very quickly, so it's important that he learns how to behave properly right from the start.
Dogs learn by association, so if your puppy does something good, reward him. Then your action is much more likely to be repeated. However the prize must be from the action, so he must be rewarded quickly, within another or two. The incentive itself can be a few kibbles of puppy food or praise, or both.
Your puppy needs to be taught what he can and cannot do. Some safe behaviors can be ignored, but possibly dangerous ones need to be taken care of immediately by interrupting the behavior with a sharp "no" to get his attention - make certain to praise him when he prevents and pays attention to you. Shouting or hitting won't help your puppy learn.
Understanding barking and whining
Barking is a completely natural facet of a dog's behavior, but you, your family as well as your neighbours will be happier if you can bring it under control.
It's hardly surprising many people have barking issues with their dogs, since most dogs do not know whether barking is something good or bad. That's because our a reaction to his barking is complicated to your dog. In his eye, when he barks, he's sometimes ignored, while at other times he is shouted at to avoid, and then again he may be motivated to bark if, for example, there's a suspicious stranger nearby.
To help your pet know when barking is acceptable, you just need to teach him that he may bark until he is told to stop. "Stop barking" should be considered as a command for obedience rather than telling off.
Start working out by letting your pet bark several times, compliment him for sounding the alarm, then say "Stop barking" and hold out a treat in front of him. Your dog will stop immediately only if because of the fact that he can't sniff the treat while barking. After a few seconds of quiet, give him the reward. Gradually raise the time from when the barking stops to the providing of the incentive.
If you are worried about excessive barking that you haven't any control over, you should talk to your vet about next steps, such as specialist training or therapy.
In the event that you comfort your puppy whenever he whines, it could actually make things worse. It'll make your puppy think he's being praised for whining, and get him into the habit of repeating it for your affection.
You can help your puppy figure out how to stop whining by not g,oing to him when he whines. By overlooking your puppy, and only giving him attention and compliment when he prevents whining, he'll learn that whining and whimperig is not the way to earn your authorization.